The electric side of the motor trade has seen a recent growth in number of sales of hybrid and pure electric vehicles, here you can learn about all it’s different aspects and rivals.

What Are Electric Vehicles?

Electric vehicles are just like your regular cars, vans and motorcycles, but they run using electricity and not fossil fuels (petrol and diesel) formed millions of years ago.

In a petrol or diesel car, a combustion engine powers the wheels by allowing a mixture of air and fuel onto a piston which compresses the mixture along with ignition from a spark plug which pushes the piston down. The remaining gasses are then pushed out of the engine and through the exhaust pipe and the cycle is repeated, this repeating pattern is what rotates the wheels on your car. 

Pure electric vehicles run only on electricity from the battery. The current flows from the battery to the vehicle’s electric motor which contains two types of batteries that are oppositely charged, the layout of the magnets along with the electric currents allows the magnets to turn in a way that will also turn the wheels of the vehicle.

How Have Electric Vehicles Changed?

1900’s

In 1899 and 1900, electric vehicles were the top selling type of car, beating all others in sales. Although, they were probably nowhere near as quick at charging as the Jaguar i-Pace which can charge from 0-80% in 45 minutes.

electric car 1900
lead acid batteries 1900

‘1914 Detroit Electric Car’ lead-acid batteries

1970’s

The 1900’s saw a decline in popularity which continued until the late 1900’s, the combustion engine won everyone over and nobody wanted the old negatives that came with electric cars. 

In 1970 the ‘Clean Air Act’ was established in America which required states to meet certain criteria and standards in relation to the cleanliness and quality of the air. In 1976 the American congress passed the ‘Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research Development and Demonstration Act’, this meant that more funding and support would be given to the research and development of electric vehicles. 

Many cars began to debut in the 1970’s, but they still weren’t seen as useful as petrol by the public. Range anxiety being the main reason, as well as speed and the competition with combustion engines.

The 1980’s saw another decline in electric vehicle popularity.

 

Citicars 1974 electric car

‘1974 Sebring Vanguard’ 

Manufactured in Sebring 1974, the mini ‘Citicar’ could reach 38mph and drive for a range of 50-60 miles.It was the most produced electric car in America until Tesla released the Roadster.

2000- Present

With environmental worries that include global warming and general human health, more manufacturers are trying to push electric vehicle sales in an attempt for a cleaner future. 

There is now a constant acceleration in popularity of electric vehicles as they become more affordable, more practical and easier to use. Charging points are popping up regularly around the UK and US.

Their running costs are far more cost effective than traditional fossil fuel based vehicles and its estimated that we will see a massive increase in the number of sales of electric cars soon to come, 

Porsche Taycan

Porsche Taycan

Porsche has announced the name of its first full-electric sports car during the official celebration of the anniversary “70 years Porsche sports car” – Taycan. The name translates as “lively young horse”, referencing the center of the Porsche crest.” The car is due to be released in 2020 – Watch this space!

What Electric Vehicles Are Available?

Here are B & B’s top picks for all-electric and hybrid vehicles. 

Tesla Model 3 Black 2019 front view Standard Plus

Tesla Model 3 

  • Standard 220 mile range 
  • Packed with interesting features 
  • Optional Enhanced Autopilot
  • Optional range extender and 4WD performance pack

The model 3 is Tesla’s cheapest available car, if you include that with the government grant of £3500 this car’s definitely great value for money.

The car’s battery can charge from 10% to 80%, with Tesla’s superchargers which come included with the model 3,  in around 30 minutes!

Other Features:

‘Sentry Mode’ comes as standard with the Model 3. This means that if anyone moves or touches the car after it is locked, a camera will activate to record what is happening.

A 15 inch screen is displayed on the dashboard which acts as a command centre for the car, here you can adjust the air vents, headlights, mirrors, autopilot, door locks, regenerative-braking and view whats behind you in HD. 

Model 3 Dashboard
Hyundai IONIQ Hybrid

Hyundai IONIQ Hybrid

  • 182 mile range on battery alone
  • Free 5 year subscription to Hyundai’s LIVE services

The Hyundai IONIQ hybrid is a 5 seater hatchback that combines a 45 litre tank with a 44.5kWh electric motor to further extend it’s range while helping to improve the environment. 

The IONIQ hybrid can reach 60mph from stationary in under 10 seconds, it’s definitely the fastest in it’s range. It comes with an 8″ infotainment system with access to Apple CarPlay and Android Auto, as well as autonomous emergency braking, dual zone climate control and a wireless charging pad for your mobile.

When Will Electric Vehicles Take Over?

Soon in the UK, it will be illegal to buy or sell any new petrol or diesel car. This is the government’s attempt to brig down the amount of harmful emissions we breath in every day. Not included in this ban are Hybrids which combine fuel and electricity to power the car

but how will this ban effect us?

  • By 2040, you will no longer be able to buy a new petrol or diesel car.                        This is also looking at being forwarded to 2032! 
  •  Hydrogen powered cars are likely to increase in popularity.
  • More charging stations will be available